来源： 浏览： 发布日期：2018-01-24 16:23
1. 题干：perhaps because the availability of novels has depended on mass production for so long.
原文：This might be explained by the fact that the novel has evolved precisely because of technological developments that made it possible to print out huge numbers of texts, whereas oil paintings have always been produced as unique objects.
Availability --- made it possible
Mass production --- print out huge numbers of texts
2. 题干：and also because with novels, the underlying ideas are the most important thing.
原文：With novels, the reader attends mainly to the meaning of words rather than the way they are printed on the page.
Underlying ideas --- the meaning of words
The most important --- mainly
3. 题干：However, in historical times artists such as Leonardo were happy to instruct assistants to produce copies of their work.
原文：artists seemed perfectly content to assign the reproduction of their workshop apprentices as regular ‘bread and butter’ work.
Happy --- content
Instruct --- assign
Assistant --- workshop assistant
Produce copies of their work --- reproduction
4. 题干:these days new methods of reproduction all excellent replication of surface relief features as well as colour and size.
原文：with reprographic techniques that allow the production of high-quality prints made exactly to the original scale, with faithful colour values, and even with duplication of the surface relief of the painting.
Size --- scale
5. 题干：It is regrettable that museums still promote the superiority of original works of art, since this may not be in the interests of the public.
原文：Unfortunately, this seems to place severe limitations on the kind of experience offered to visitors.
Public --- visitors
6. 题干：C the negative effect a museum can have on visitors’ opinions of themselves.
原文：In a society that judges the personal status of the individual so much by their material worth, it is therefore difficult not to be impressed by one’s own relative ‘worthlessness’ in such an environment.
Negative effect --- worthlessness
Visitors’ opinions of themselves --- one’s own
7. 题干：D they feel their personal reactionis of no significance.
原文：Evidently, nothing the viewer thinks about the workis going to alter that value, and so today’s viewer is deterred from trying to extend that spontaneous, immediate, self-reliant kind of reading which would originally have met the work.
Personal reaction --- viewer thinks about the work
Is of no significance --- nothing is going to alter that value
8. 题干：A the variety of works on display and the way they are arranged.
原文：The visitor may then be struck by the strangeness of seeing such diverse paintings, drawings and sculptures brought together in an environment for which they were not originally created. This ‘displacement effect’ is further heightened by the sheer volume of exhibits. In the case of a major collection, there are probably more works on display than we could realistically view in weeks or even months.
The variety of works on display --- more works on display
The way they are arranged --- diverse paintings, drawings and sculptures brought together
9. 题干：D have a specific beginning or end.
原文：A fundamental difference between paintings and other art forms is that there is no prescribed time over which a painting is viewed.
A specific beginning or end --- prescribed time
10. 题干：NOT GIVEN Art history should focus on discovering the meaning of art using a range of media.
原文：Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to ‘discovering the meaning’ of art within the cultural context of its time.
11. 题干：FALSE The approach of art historians conflicts with that of art museums.
原文：Consequently, the dominant critical approach becomes that of the art historian, a specialised academic approach devoted to ‘discovering the meaning’ of art within the cultural context of its time. This is in perfect harmony with the museum’s function, since the approach is dedicated to seeking out and conserving ‘authentic’, ‘original’ readings of the exhibits.
Conflicts --- harmony
12. 题干：TRUE People should be encouraged to give their opinions openly on works of art.
原文:The museum public, like any other audience, experience art more rewardingly when given the confidence to express their views.
Encouraged --- experience art more rewardingly
Give their opinions --- express their views
13. 题干：NOT GIVEN Reproductions of fine art should only be sold to the public if they are of high quality.
原文：If appropriate works of fine are could be rendered permanently accessible to the public by means of high-fidelity reproductions, as literature and music already are, the public may feel somewhat less in awe of them.
14. 题干：FALSE In the future, those with power are likely to encourage more people to enjoy art.
原文：Unfortunately, that may be too much to ask from those who seek to maintain and control the art establishment.
Those with power --- those who seek to maintain and control the art establishment
Are likely to --- Unfortunately, that may be too much to